Carbon Monoxide in the Workplace

This fact sheet describes carbon monoxide exposure risks in the workplace and provides recommendations for emergency response and prevention.

Cold-Related Injuries and Illnesses


Learn how to protect yourself and others when working or recreating in cold, wet and windy conditions – even if you live where the climate is relatively mild.

Electrical Hazards

Even with safety training, regulatory standards and personal protective equipment, electricity-related injuries and fatalities occur. Increased awareness helps save lives, especially in workplaces where electrical hazards are not top of mind.

Heat-related Illness: Response and Prevention

Learn about how workers can protect themselves from heat-related illnesses.

Insect Bites and Stings

Learn about  preventing and treating stings and bites when working outdoors and in other places inhabited by bees and wasps, fire ants, spiders and other arachnids.

Poisonous Plants: Exposure Avoidance and Response

Many types of plants cause an allergic reaction when ingested, touched or
inhaled as smoke from burning dried matter. Depending on where you live, the
most common workplace exposures are to urushiol, the sap oil contained in poison ivy,
poison oak and poison sumac.

Shoulder Conditions

Refer to this fact sheet to learn about different types of shoulder complaints, treatment guidance and recommended injury prevention measures.

Slip, Trip and Fall Prevention

Work-related slips, trips and falls are largely preventable. It starts with hazard awareness.

NEW! Skin Rashes: Managing Exposures in Agriculture (Spanish version below)

Agricultural workers are exposed to conditions that can cause skin irritation and
rashes. Prevention and early intervention are the first lines of defense.

En español: Prevención y manejo de erupciones de la piel en la Agricultura

Snake Bites

closeup of a beautiful vipera berus, the common european viper, female

Whether you love ’em or hate ’em, it’s important to take precautions when working in snake habitats. This fact sheet explains how to recognize snake species, avoid encounters with snakes, recognize bite signs and symptoms, and respond if you or a companion are bitten.

Stretches to Reduce Injury Risk

These simple but effective stretches can be done virtually anywhere to help you stay flexible and avoid injuries.

NEW! Thermal Burns: Prevention and Management

The depth of a thermal burn largely determines the type of care that will be needed. Minor burns typically can be effectively treated onsite with first aid.

Traumatic Brain Injury Risk

Work-related head and brain injuries, a leading cause of disability, can be prevented with the use of helmets and other protective gear and by following recommendations to eliminate slip, trip and falls hazards.


NEW! Asbestos: Managing and Preventing Occupational Exposures

When left undisturbed, asbestos is not harmful to human health, but when microscopic mineral fibers become airborne and are inhaled, they can cause serious illness. This article discusses occupational exposure risk in the U.S.

Asthma: Exposure Risk and Prevention

Employees in a variety of industries and occupations are at risk of developing work-related asthma. This Fact Sheet discusses causes, prevalence rates, treatment recommendations and prevention measures.

Avian Influenza A (H7N9)

Homing pigeon

While the risk of person-to-person transmission is low, it’s important to understand bird flu (H7N9) exposure risks and prevention.

Bed Bugs: Recognition and Control

Learn how to recognize bed bugs and signs of infestation. Keep storage closets, offices and lounge areas clean. If an infestation occurs, consult with a pest control professional.

Chickenpox & Shingles

Shingles is a painful skin rash caused by the varicella zoster virus (VZV) – the same virus that causes chickenpox. There are vaccines available to help prevent both diseases.


Conjunctivitis (pink eye) may be caused by a virus, bacteria or allergens. Most cases are mild and resolve on their own. The best prevention is good personal hygiene and a clean environment.

Ear Care and Hearing Protection

Routine ear care, testing and proper fit of hearing protection are essential to preserving quality of life.

Ebola Virus Disease

In this fact sheet you will learn about the nature of the disease, exposure risks, travel precautions, and recommendations for infection prevention and control in the workplace.

E. coli Bacteria

E. coli bacteria is usually harmless, but in some cases it can cause intestinal distress and other health problems outside of the intestinal tract. Infection prevention includes avoiding potentially contaminated water and food, and frequent hand-washing.

Enterovirus D68

Enterovirus D68 (EVD-68) is one of more than 100 non-polio enteroviruses. While small numbers of EVD-68 cases are reported annually to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2014 the number of cases was much higher than in previous years.

Foodborne Illness

Understand how to prevent spreading or contracting a foodborne illness with potentially serious health consequence in the workplace, at home, when eating out or traveling.

Head Lice Prevention and Control

This fact sheet describes head lice exposure risk, recognition, treatment and prevention.

Hepatitis A in the Workplace

You can help stop the spread of hepatitis A by understanding exposure risks, symptoms, treatment and prevention methods.

Hepatitis B: Vaccination and Other Preventive Measures

Hepatitis B is a contagious liver disease spread through exposure to infected blood or body fluid. In the workplace, health care, public safety and emergency response personnel are among those at increased risk of occupational exposure to the hepatitis B virus. It is preventable by vaccination and adherence to universal precautions as defined by OSHA’s bloodborne pathogens standard.

Infectious Disease Prevention and Control

The spread of infectious diseases in the workplace can largely be prevented by following recommended precautions, including frequent hand-washing, using personal protective equipment (PPE) and getting vaccinated.

Measles, Mumps and Rubella


Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) are vaccine-preventable, potentially serious infectious diseases. Adults who were born after 1956 are advised to get at least one dose of MMR vaccine, unless they can show they have been vaccinated or had all three diseases.


This fact sheet describes how South Korea has responded to a MERS-CoV outbreak in health care facilities and public health recommendations for travelers to countries affected by this contagious viral disease.

Occupational Bloodborne Pathogen Exposures

This comprehensive Fact Sheet describes work-related bloodborne pathogen exposure risk, preventive measures and post-exposure response. It focuses on the three most common pathogens of concern: human immunodeficiency virus (HIV, the virus that causes AIDS), hepatitis B and hepatitis C.

Pandemic Preparedness

This fact sheet explains the importance of being well-prepared to respond efficiently and effectively in the event of a widespread health crisis.

Pertussis: Preventing Whooping Cough

Pertussis (whooping cough) is highly contagious and the only vaccine-preventable disease with rising case rates in the U.S. Vaccination is recommended for adults and children.

Tetanus: Up-to-Date Booster Best Prevention

Tetanus is a potentially fatal infection that can be prevented with vaccination starting in childhood and periodic booster shots in adulthood.

Tick Bites: Disease Exposure Risk and Prevention

Lyme disease is one of at least 14 tick-borne diseases found in the U.S. This fact sheet features a table that summarizes types of ticks, where they live, associated diseases and recommended treatment. It also describes a recommended tick removal method and bite prevention measures.



Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by a bacterium – Mycobacterium tuberculosis. A healthy body usually is able to stop the bacteria from growing. However, TB is still one of the world’s deadliest diseases.

Valley Fever

Valley fever is a potentially serious infectious disease acquired by inhaling microscopic fungal spores that live in soil. In endemic areas, such as parts of California and Arizona, avoiding exposure while digging and respiratory protection are recommended.

Viral and Bacterial Meningitis

Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. An accurate diagnosis is essential because the severity of illness and treatment depends on the cause.

UPDATED! Zika Virus Prevention and Control

This fact sheet features 2017 updates on the risk of Zika virus exposure in the U.S. and advice for travelers to transmission-active regions around the globe.



Getting Enough Sleep Improves Safety, Health and Well-being

If you are experiencing symptoms such as fatigue, daytime sleepiness, lack of concentration or irritability, you may need to change your bedtime routine or consult a physician. This fact sheet explains why quality sleep is so important and how to get more of it.

Guide to Healthy Eating

Good nutrition is essential to maintain a healthy body. Experts recommend eating a balanced diet to reduce disease risk and enjoy your life. This fact sheet explains nutritional building blocks and provides dietary and meal-planning guidelines.

Use Body Mass Index, Waist Size to Measure Fat, Calculate Health Risks

BMI is used as an indicator of obesity/overweight and risk for the development of diabetes, hypertension, coronary heart disease, osteoporosis, sleep apnea and other health conditions. Abdominal fat also is a predictor of heart disease and diabetes; health risks increase along with waist size greater than 35 inches for women and 40 inches for men.


Glossary of Medical Examination Terms

Wondering what your medical exam results mean? This fact sheet explains physical exam components; blood pressure and hypertension; x-rays/radiographs; pulmonary function, vision and hearing tests; complete blood count, chemistry panel and urinalysis results.

Incident Intervention Common Acronyms

Wonder what it means? Refer to this list of Incident Intervention acronyms to decipher your alphabet soup.


Managing Work-related Medical Surveillance Exam Records

This fact sheet describes rules and best practices for the management and storage of medical surveillance examination records.

Avoiding 10 Common Pitfalls in Work-Related Injury Management

What are the most common barriers to effective injury management? This article offers suggestions on how to overcome barriers and improve employee health outcomes and business results.

OSHA’s Severe Injury Reporting and Recordkeeping Rules

Serious Businessman Looking Through Binoculars - Isolated

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration adopted new severe injury reporting rules effective Jan. 1, 2015, changing the way it handles investigations. This comprehensive fact sheet explains the new rules. It also clarifies reporting responsibility in cases involving temporary employees, factors that make a work-related injury or illness OSHA-recordable, and recommended preventive measures. In addition, it summarizes a prosed rule that would require employers to electronically submit workplace injury and illness records to OSHA. For a related article, refer to the summer edition of Vitality Atlas, WorkCare’s quarterly newsletter.

OSHA Lowers Respirable Crystalline Silica Permissible Exposure Limit

The federal Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) has adopted a long-awaited final rule on Occupational Exposure to Respirable Crystalline Silica. The new rule is written as two standards: one for construction and the other for general industry and maritime. It reduces current permissible exposure limits (PEL) to 50 micrograms per cubic meter of air, averaged over an eight-hour shift, for all applicable industries.

OSHA’s HazCom Standard and the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals


This WorkCare Update explains how OSHA plans to enforce new HazCom/GHS regulations.

Commercial Driver Medical Examination Rules and Reporting

Commercial motor vehicle drivers are required to obtain a physical examination at least once every two years to maintain their license. Under Department of Transportation/Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration regulations that went into effect May 21, 2014, drivers must be examined and certified by a qualified medical professional. To become a qualified examiner, physicians and other clinicians must take specialized training and pass a competency test to be listed on the National Registry of Certified Medical Examiners.

To learn more about the rules and the use of medical exam forms: Commercial Driver Update 03-15-16